The D&R testing is comprised of test hours and cycles fully representative of desired operating state operations. The D&R testing must also include verification of all operational limits and the entire aircraft flight envelope to ensure testing thoroughly encompasses the possible conditions that will be encountered in service.
D&R Test Hour Requirements
Population density (people per square mile)
Baseline configuration (flight hours)
Reduced probability of injury configuration <30% AIS 3 or greater injury (flight hours)
Up to 100 (Rural)
Up to 3000
Up to 7000
Up to 10,000
Up to 14,000
Up to 20,000
As a rule, the D&R testing must demonstrate safe flight across the entire operational envelope and up to all operational limitations, for all phases of flight and all aircraft configurations.
Applicants will only be certificated to fly within limitations that have been fully demonstrated in test. For example, the D&R testing must encompass the most adverse weather conditions (wind, temperature, density altitude, precipitation, etc.) for which certification is sought.
Environmental conditions should also be considered, such as humidity, sand, dust, salt, particulates or foreign objects that could be ingested such as insects, etc. Additionally, D&R testing should take place in an operationally representative radio frequency and electromagnetic environment to the extent possible.
With 300+ days of flying weather a year, PACI can support Applicants seeking a Determination of Reliability (with third-party oversight) and our affiliated UAS DAR can assist in obtaining operating approval and permission to fly for the needed limitations.
FAA and several industrial partners have successfully concluded real-world
testing of unmanned traffic management systems for integrating drones into
airspace in the USA. “The Eldorado and Piute Valley has been the home of
innovation in UAS airspace for commercial BVLOS operations. We started the
nation’s first commercial droneport in 2015 and expanded our testing corridor
to include Searchlight Airpark in 2017,” explained Jonathan Daniels, PACI’s CEO
and the Airport Manager for Searchlight.
The FAA operational tests were part of a program called the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Traffic Management Pilot Program (UPP) launched in 2017 and conducted at sites in Nevada, North Dakota and Virginia. The UPP aims to help determine the services and capabilities UTM must provide to support extended and enhanced drone operations in the future.
PACI interns from the University of Nevada- Las Vegas, certified through AUVSI’s Trusted Operator Program™ and acting as Remote Pilots-in-Command, used the ANRA Technologies DroneUSS™ software platform to coordinate with the other participants of the UPP during operations on the Searchlight Airpark. Nevada’s senior Congresswoman, Dina Titus, later commended their work during the VIP Demo day at the end of the UPP.
UTM software platform for UPP and
see this as a steppingstone to more advanced drone operations at Searchlight
Airpark,” stated Brent Klavon, VP of Operations at ANRA Technologies.
During the last two weeks of July, several companies
from around the country converged on the Searchlight Airpark to test
Ground-based Detect and Avoid systems with both VLOS and
Beyond-Visual-Line-of-Sight (BVLOS). These test flights were overseen by a PACI
Remote-Pilot-In-Command using PACI’s Part 107 BVLOS within the Piute Valley.
AirMap provided the PACI operations control center with a real-time operating
picture of the airspace for both manned and unmanned aircraft using their
proven UAS Service Supplier (USS) platform, in a similar manner as to recent
demonstrations with the Virginia UPP, and using ASTM standards in California
“We’re offering the UAS industry
a one-stop-shop operation,” said Daniels. “With our full-service facility in
Henderson, our customers are able to integrate system components right into
their new or existing aircraft and then test fly at our FAA UAS Test Range just
a few miles down the road. Our goal was to develop a droneport where new or
existing customers could utilize our capabilities to support their project
without the expense of building up the capability internally or organically- in
the same manner that legacy aviation does with traditional airports.”
About Praxis Aerospace Concepts International, Inc.
Founded in 2011, PACI is a
Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business based in Southern Nevada. The
company’s mission is to develop practical solutions for multi-modal
(ground-air-sea-industrial) response robotics and unmanned systems (UxS) using
a mix of proprietary technology, unique team domain expertise, and unique
partnerships, PACI develops and operates laboratory and field facilities for
autonomous systems research, development, test, evaluation, deployment,
commercialization, and training. Praxis Aerospace Concepts International, Inc.
currently serves over 20 clients with military, public and civil
robotics/unmanned systems across the globe.
About ANRA Technologies
ANRA Technologies is a provider of end-to-end solutions for
UAS operators and airspace managers. ANRA has developed two software platforms
for commercial UAS operations. One platform is for UAS traffic management
(DroneUSS™) and the other is for orchestrating workflow (DroneOSS™). Both
platforms have been rigorously tested and vetted by the world’s foremost government
aviation entities and are operational today at multiple test sites, commercial
enterprises and UAS Corridors.
ANRA’s software platform supports a myriad of UAS through a
cloud-based architecture to enable airspace organization and management, flight
awareness, and strategic deconfliction while supporting stakeholder interfaces
and integrations. ANRA Technologies has been working on collaborative UTM
research and deployments with regulators and Air Navigation Service Providers
(ANSP) in United States, United Kingdom, Europe as well as South America.
On the third day of the highly successful North Carolina Drone Summit, a group of Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) experts took the stage to discuss what the future of urban air mobility might look like. The panel took questions from an audience eager to learn more about the state of the technology and about the different alternatives available to drone operators today.
Members of the panel were:
Jonathan Daniels (Moderator), CEO Praxis Aerospace
Phillip (Phil) Hall, CEO RelmaTech Ltd. (UK)
Brent Klavon, VP Operations, ANRA Technologies
Laurent Huenaerts, General Manager UNIFLY
Matthew Satterley, Head of Federal Policy and Government Affairs, AIRMAP
In support of the adoption of Trusted Operator Program™ (TOP) by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Chapters, Praxis Aerospace Concepts International, Inc. (PACI) expands its service by announcing their new, “Chapter Affiliation Incentive Program”. This program is a prime example of PACI’s latest initiatives and commitment to transform organizations by providing the next step of certification in accordance to the AUVSI Trusted Operator Program.
The Trusted Operator Program™(TOP) fills the gap between these minimally prescriptive operating regulations and a higher level of demonstrated knowledge, flight proficiency, safety and risk management practices that is expected to be valued by employers and customers of commercial UAS operators. PACI’s Chapter Affiliation Incentive Program offers a 10% discount on TOP Service Provider certification for Organizational Members of AUVSI Chapters and is in effect as of August 8,2019 and valid until February 1, 2020.
PACI is proud to offer this limited time discounted rate in compliments of other discount programs offered by AUVSI TOP Training Providers. This Program applies to TOP Level 1 and 2 Service Provider certification only and does not apply to individual certifications as TOP Remote Pilots or Instructors. This offer is not valid for colleges already participating in the discounted Section 631 Certification Program.
“Being TOP certified is important as it demonstrates assurance that the Organization meets protocols for competency and safety established by the industry consensus-based standards in the ANSI Standardization Roadmap for UAS,” said Jonathan Daniels, CEO of PACI. “TOP certification is important in terms of success as a professional organization, and has helped early adopters receive Part 107 Waivers. As the first TOP Certifying Body, PACI is committed to assisting industry organizations participate in the Trusted Operator Program.”
This year, the company plans to add more programs that will support the common goals of the Unmanned Aviation industry.
For those interested in taking advantage of this offer, organizations must show proof of Organizational Membership and Chapter Affiliation Click here to get started
PACI Trusted Operator Program officially
On July 8,
2019, Praxis Aerospace Concepts International, Inc (PACI) reached another
milestone and became the 1st
AUVSI Trusted Operator Program (TOP) Certifying Body authorized to
deliver International TOP Service to train drone organizations overseas.
facilities in Henderson and Searchlight, NV, PACI provides
third-party evaluation of the curriculum of industry training programs in
compliance with AUVSI’s remote pilot standards and protocols.
team is the first AUVSI TOP partner approved to deliver TOP Certification in
South Africa and continues to be one of fastest – growing leading providers in
the drone industries.
International, in partnership with Praxis Aerospace Concepts, Inc., officially
begins the Unmanned Aircraft Systems practical flight training in the Henderson
program offers students a wide variety of hands-on training and fundamentals of
UAS and how to safely operate them.
Students will learn UAS rules and guidelines and familiarize themselves with the Part 107 Remote Pilot exam. At the end of the course, they will be able to apply their knowledge on the field and fly a UAS at Searchlight Airpark during a Flight assessment.
Read the press release from FlightSafety International here or sign up for more information on their website. Additional coverage is available from Shephard Media.
To learn more about FlightSafety’s Unmanned Systems Training, and the courses taught in Nevada, click here or email UST@FlightSafety.com
To enroll in FlightSafety’s Essential Library, click here.
To enroll in FlightSafety’s 14 CFR Part 107 Familiarization Course (eLearning), click here.
We would like to remind all out-of-state visitors and users that our “monsoon season” officially extends from June 15th through September 30th, the time during which associated hazards are most likely to occur.
For more information, please review this web page developed by the National Weather Service and the Arizona Department of Emergency & Military Affairs to promote awareness of life-threatening and damaging weather hazards affecting the Southwestern United States and its residents during the North American Monsoon.
DAA — State of Play Ballroom, Level 400 Dallas Brooks, Director, Raspet Flight Research Laboratory, Mississippi State University Jonathan Daniels, CEO, Praxis Aerospace Concepts International Inc. Ally Ferguson, Director, Airspace Research, PrecisionHawk Jarrett Larrow, Aerospace Engineer, FAA Flight Operations Branch Edward Lester, Chief UTM Architect, AiRXOS Jay Merkle, Executive Director, FAA UAS Integration Office
The ability to detect-and-avoid (DAA) obstacles, including manned and other unmanned aircraft, is one of the biggest challenges facing the drone industry today. How do we adapt one of the most basic responsibilities of a pilot flying a manned aircraft for drones? Come hear panelists discuss the evolving technologies necessary for drones to safely avoid other aircraft and what gaps still exist.
Henderson, NV April 16, 2019 – With daily efforts being made all across the United States to push the boundaries of technology for aerospace and the advancements of innovation, two Henderson companies, Praxis Aerospace Concepts International, Inc. (PACI) and Unmanned Systems Inc. (USI), have established another milestone for the industry and for the state of Nevada.
USI, a premier leader in unmanned
aerial systems and partner of PACI, became the first Nevada manufacturer to
receive a Special Airworthiness Certificate (SAC) for Beyond Visual Line of
Sight (BVLOS) from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) under its new
procedures, which designates authority to Unmanned Air System (UAS) Test Sites
for SAC review and guidance. “The approval of BVLOS for Sandstorm was needed to
allow continued development and expansion into National Airspace. This is
a significant accomplishment for USI,” said Don Bintz, President of USI.
PACI, a business cluster providing
robotics and unmanned system solutions, hosted the FAA Certification team as
the NY UAS Test Site affiliate for the West Coast. Southern Nevada and PACI
have been an extension of the New York UAS Test Site at Griffiss International
Airport since 2016, and PACI’s business connections provides an introduction to
the Searchlight Airpark, a 1200- square miles of commercial U-Space that is
currently the location of Flight Safety International’s Unmanned Systems
Training courses, multiple Part 107 BVLOS Waivers and the UTM Pilot Program
test flights for this summer. With the network and facilities of PACI, they
continue to be one of the nation’s leaders in providing the amenities and
capabilities to satisfying many industry standards for testing of UAS research
and development. “The Eldorado Valley has been the home of innovation in UAS
airspace for commercial BVLOS operations. We started the nation’s first commercial
droneport in 2015 and expanded our testing corridor to include Searchlight
Airpark in 2017,” explained Jonathan Daniels, PACI’s CEO and the Airport
Manager for Searchlight.
In addition, with PACI’s assistance,
this has been the first civil Certificate of Authorization (COA) issued in the
state of Nevada since December 2014 and the first COA issued for BVLOS along
the 38-mile Eldorado Skyway between Searchlight and Boulder City. Furthermore,
this COA is the first to be issued for an aircraft greater than 55 lbs. This
includes aircrafts like the Sandstorm ™ UAS, initially built in 2009, the
turbine-driven propeller aircraft has an 8-foot fuselage, a 15-foot wingspan
and weighs almost 75 pounds, now an electric version is being processed for
“This is a significant improvement to
training as it will allow USI &
PACI to train Remote Split Operations using Sandstorm and Longshot. We
will begin procedural development immediately and conduct flight testing
through the summer. Our goal is to conduct operations on Land, Air and
Water – remotely,” said Mr. Bintz. Mr. Daniels was equally optimistic about the
future: “As shown by recent regulatory progress by the DOT and FAA, unmanned
aircraft certification will be a key component of large-scale commercial
enterprise. We look forward to seeing the next round of certification projects
in the coming weeks.”
About Praxis Aerospace
Concepts International, Inc.
2011, PACI is a Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business based in Southern
Nevada. The company’s mission is to develop practical solutions for multi-modal
(ground-air-sea-industrial) robotics and unmanned systems (UxS) using a mix of
proprietary technology, unique team domain expertise, and unique partnerships,
PACI develops and operates laboratory and field facilities for autonomous
systems research, development, test, evaluation, deployment, commercialization,
and training. For more information about Praxis Aerospace Concepts
International, Inc., visit its website at www.praxisaerospace.com.
Systems Incorporated is a Small, Women Owned, Native American Business involved
in Training, Testing and Developing Unmanned Aircraft. USI has been conducting
Unmanned Aircraft Systems operations globally since 2003. For further
information visit our website at www.usi.aero.
On March 19th, 2019, Pinnacle Solutions Inc. was awarded the $533-million cost-plus-fixed-fee Unmanned Aircraft Systems Instruction and Mission Support (UAS IMS) contract by the U.S. Army Contracting Command in Orlando, Florida. Under this contract, Pinnacle will provide UAS instruction, maintenance, logistics support, prescribed load list (PLL), flight line operations support and information technology network support, for UAS training conducted at Ft. Huachuca, Arizona, by the 2d Battalion, 13th Aviation Regiment, 1st Aviation Brigade.
Training will be in support of entry-level U.S. Army Soldiers who will be learning to operate and/or maintain the RQ-7 Shadow and MQ-1 Gray Eagle UAS, utilizing simulation systems in a classroom environment in addition to actual flight operations. The estimated contract completion date is March 2026.
Praxis Aerospace Concepts International Incorporated (PACI) is pleased to announce our participation with the Pinnacle team, supporting with a multidisciplinary expertise and experience in safe integration of Unmanned Systems.
Read the full article from the Washington Technology Journal here . Additional coverage from Military Simulation Training Magazine may be found here.